Over time, your sewing machine needle can get damaged or bent, especially if you are sewing through thick fabric. If your needle gets too bent, it can hit your feed dogs, throat plate, or bobbin case, and break. It can also push your fabric under your needle plate.
What tension should my sewing machine be on?
The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.
Why is my sewing machine snagging?
The reason for the problem could be lint, dust and other debris getting stuck in their mechanism. The solution: Stop work, lift the presser foot and thoroughly clean the fee dogs from any debris. Also, make sure that they are lifted up in a raised position allowing for a proper grip of the fabric.
What does correct tension look like?
A correct thread tension looks smooth and flat on both sides of the seam. The needle and bobbin threads interlock midway between the surfaces of the material.
How do I know if my bobbin tension is correct?
The thread should unwind just slightly and the bobbin case should drop an inch or two. If the thread unwinds without resistance and the case slips to the floor, your bobbin tension is too loose. If the bobbin case doesn’t budge, your bobbin tension is too tight.
Why is my sewing machine making loops underneath?
Looped stitches are usually caused by improper tension. If the loop is on the upper side, it may be corrected by loosening the top tension or by tightening the lower tension. If the loop is on the under side, it is usually best corrected by adjusting the upper tension.
What are the common sewing machine troubles?
Some common sewing problems are:
- Needle thread breakage.
- Bobbin or looper thread breakage.
- Thread fusing when the machine stops.
- Skipped stitches.
- Imbalanced / variable stitching.
- Staggered stitching.
- Variable stitch density.
- Seam pucker.
Why does my sewing machine keep skipping stitches?
The most common cause of a sewing machine skipping stitches is a problem with the sewing machine needle. The needle may be slightly bent, even if you can not see the bend. It may have developed a dull point from use, or it may have a nick in it.
Why is the stitching loose underneath?
A: Looping on the underside, or back of the fabric, means the top tension is too loose compared to the bobbin tension, so the bobbin thread is pulling too much top thread underneath. By tightening the top tension, the loops will stop, but the added tension may cause breakage, especially with sensitive threads.
What tension should I use for cotton?
Cotton requires a moderate tension setting, usually between three and four.